5 Facts You Need To Know About Dog Bloat (GDV)
Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus is a common condition among dogs and is life-threatening. Also known as GDV, this condition is common among large and deep-chested dogs, although any dog breed may suffer from this condition.
At the early stage of the condition, the stomach is filled with gas and could trigger gastric dilatation or bloating on the pet. In some cases, the condition may progress further than just a bloat. The progression of the condition can develop into a volvulus. When this happens, the stomach of your pet will twist upon itself, which shuts off the entryway of your pet’s stomach. This would require surgery to prevent fatal consequences.
It remains a mystery for most veterinarians as to why dogs bloat often. When air accumulates in the stomach, a process known as dilatation, the stomach twists which leads to volvulus, it’s not known if the twisting of the stomach is due to the accumulation of air. Others also believe that the stomach may twist first before the air starts to build up.
Signs of bloating in dogs:
- Enlargement of the abdomen
If your dog is bloating, it will also feel extreme pain that could lead to whining, especially when you press its belly area.
If proper treatment is not given, your dog could get into shock in only an hour or two. Furthermore, the heart rate of your pooch will increase, and its pulse will get weaker and weaker. If it’s not immediately addressed, this could lead to death.
Usually, vets treat the shock first. It’s only when the pet is stabilized that the surgery can take place. There are generally two procedures that will be performed. One is to deflate the stomach and put it back into the correct position. If the wall of the stomach is damaged, the damaged part has to be taken off.
Since almost 90% of dogs that suffer from this condition will suffer from the condition again, vets tack the dog’s stomach into the abdominal wall to prevent twisting. This procedure is known as gastropexy.
For many years, vets have explored various options in preventing and treating bloating. One of the possible solutions that they have found is the use of elevated dog bowls. However, some vets argue that this is not the best way to address the issue of bloating.
There have been studies showing that food bowls that are fed to the pet on the floor could lead to bloating incidences, which is why some believe that an elevated dog bowl may help to address the condition. However, a few years later, it was found that this is far from the truth. As a matter of fact, elevated bowls might be a health risk for pets.
Certain foods may cause bloating on dogs, but there’s not enough data to confirm this. Most of the large breed dogs are often fed with a diet that’s cereal based, so concluding that this diet is to be blamed might be difficult. But what experts can agree on is the fact that foods that contain soybean or have plenty of fats and oil might be risky for your pet.
If the stomach that’s filled with gas presses on the abdomen’s large veins, then the blood circulation will be compromised. As a result, some of the body’s most important body tissues will be deprived of oxygen and blood, and this could result to a systemic shock, which could lead to the collapse of your dog.
Bloating does not only happen on giant breeds of dogs. Smaller dogs bloat too! It’s important for pet owners to be familiar with the signs and symptoms of bloating on pets so they can immediately take their dog to the vet if any of the bloating symptoms occur.
It’s also worth noting that the risk of bloating will increase as the dog ages. There is said to be a 20% increase of bloating risk every year as the dog gets older. This might be due to the weakness of the body that could affect the ligament that holds the stomach in place.