Signs that are typically observed when a newborn puppy is dying include failure to gain weight, continuous crying by the puppy, breathing difficulties, excessive salivation, and diarrhea among others.
The early stages of a newborn puppy’s life are quite critical in determining how the rest of the pooch’s life will pan out. And given that newborn puppies are quite vulnerable to a lot of things, a considerable amount of these pooches fail to make it past 12 weeks of age!
Why Do Puppies Die Early?
As inferred earlier, early or sudden death among newborn puppies is a common occurrence that is commonly referred to as the fading syndrome.
Early death among newborn puppies is caused by a myriad of reasons. But the most common cause of fading in a newborn puppy is, arguably, the development of various health conditions by the puppy either when it is still in the uterus, during the birth process or while the pooch is being weaned.
Other prevalent causes of early deaths among newborn puppies include:
- Development of birth defects such as a weak heart
- Viral and Bacterial infections such as Parvovirus, Distemper, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus
- Abnormally low weight at birth
- Inadequate and unhealthy milk production by the mother
- Presence of intestinal parasites such as hookworm
- Inadequate care from the mother, especially for puppies that are the runt of the litter
How To Know If Your Newborn Puppy Is Dying?
Signs typically exhibited by fading puppies are listed below:
- Unhealthy weight at birth
- The mother ignores the puppy when feeding and grooming its littermates
- The puppy becomes restless and vocalizes excessively
- Tendency to separate from the litter and lie alone in a corner
- Breathing difficulties
- Abnormally low body temperatures
- An inability to suckle
That said, most of the symptoms listed above typically occur between 24 to 48 hours before the puppy dies; Hence, why you should call your vet immediately if you notice any of the signs in your newborn puppy.
What To Do If A Newborn Puppy Is Dying?
Call Your Vet
The fading symptom in a puppy is a medical emergency that requires urgent attention to prevent the young pooch from losing its life. And immediately you notice the manifestation of any of the symptoms listed above in your puppy, the next course of action is to call your vet and book a medical appointment.
You should pay attention to, and be ready to report the symptoms you’re observing to your vet, as this will help determine whether or not your puppy requires specialized care.
In most cases, the vet will have you bring in the mother dog and the entire litter in for medical examination. And once at the hospital, the vet will examine the fading puppy for signs of infection, birth defects or any other medical condition that commonly causes deaths among newborn puppies.
Treatment for the fading puppy depends on the outcome of these examinations. And the prescribed treatment typically ranges from medical procedures to treat underlying medical conditions to simple home care.
Keep The Puppy Warm
Keeping a fading puppy warm, before appropriate medical attention, is crucial if you’re to extend and maintain your furry friend’s life.
A fading puppy with a dangerously low body temperature should be warmed by hugging the pooch against a warmer human body till the pooch becomes lively again. Warming a chilled pup too quickly can be dangerous, and this will only complicate issues further.
Additionally, fading puppies should be separated from the rest of the litter and placed in a special litter box with a heating pad to regulate body temperature. And it is important that you monitor this box from time to time, to ensure that it doesn’t get too hot for the puppy.
Keep The Puppy Hydrated
To treat dehydration in a fading puppy, you should feed the pooch a mixture of ½ teaspoon of salt, 2 teaspoons of sugar and 2 teaspoons of honey mixed in a cup of warm boiled water. This mixture should be fed to the puppy with an eyedropper at short intervals.
Feed The Puppy Colostrum
If you observe that a fading puppy isn’t being fed by its mother, you should jump in and make sure that the pooch gets this highly nutritious milk to ensure its survival.
You can either feed the fading puppy with supplemental colostrum or attempt to extract some milk from the mother and feed it to the young pooch with an eyedropper. Additionally, it may help to separate the rest of the litter from the mother dog to ensure that the fading puppy gets a chance to suckle.