While the actual cause may not be known, there are a few identified causes of complications that you may have to actively avoid. Here are 2 important factors that result in complications like cellulitis.
Technically speaking, puppy strangles is not an infection but is rather inflammation of the skin due to autoimmune processes taking place in the dog.
However, with the progression of puppy strangles involving ruptured pustules and ulceration of the skin, there is a very serious risk of the dog developing secondary infections.
Bacteria on the dog’s coat and in the environment take advantage of the broken skin to colonize and infect the puppy. This causes skin infections and may even result in life-threatening complications like sepsis.
It is very important that you understand that puppy strangles disease will not go away on its own. The dog’s immune system will continue to attack unless it is stopped. By delaying treatment, the processes responsible for puppy strangles are allowed to continue uninterrupted.
This results in more severe symptoms and discomfort for the dog. It could also result in long term complications like heavier scarring and even permanent fur loss over the affected areas.
It is therefore best to take your dog to the vet for evaluation as early as the swollen face stage even if you are not sure it is puppy strangles.