Maremma Sheepdog – Your Complete Breed Guide To Abruzzenhund

You may be thinking about getting a Maremma Dog, and you want to have a full overview of what to expect with this breed.

Commonly known as the Maremmano-Abruzzese or just the Maremmano, the Maremma Sheepdog is an ancient Italian livestock guardian dog. Its name originates from the Maremma marshlands, where the dog historically worked for years. This dog breed is also famous for its bravery and thick white fur.

If you want to know more about this Maremma Dog, you are definitely in the right article. The following information will be all about its size and appearance so you can prepare yourself for the arrival of your new furry friend.

How Big Do Maremma Sheepdogs Get?

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The size of a Maremma Sheepdog is what distinguishes it. This canine buddy is a large dog breed with a mature height of 23.5 to 28.5 inches and a weight of 65 to 100 lbs.

Physical Appearance

The Maremma Dogโ€™s head is quite unique. The head has a conical form and is fairly huge in comparison to the rest of the body. It resembles the head of a polar bear which is broad between both ears but not really short throughout the muzzle.

Itโ€™s necessary that the color of the pads, eye rims, and lips are all black. Males should be obviously masculine, with a prominent ruff, whilst bitches should be visibly feminine in appearance and demeanor.

Coat Colors And Texture

Yes. The Maremma Sheepdog is white in color. Although a dog with lemon shading, pale orange, or even pale ivory may be found, it is extremely rare to witness one of these canines in any hue apart from white.

Their coat has a rough, abundant texture with a thick undercoat though it is much less noticeable during summer months. Itโ€™s okay to have a little waviness in their hair, but not the curls. A thick coat of hair should cover the tail completely.

Where Do Maremma Sheepdogs Come From?

Sheepdogs can be found in early Roman literature dating back to the reign of the Romans. Maremma Sheepdogs have appeared in several statues, books, paintings, and engravings. Farmers continue to utilize the Maremma-Abruzzese to protect their flocks since no other animal can guard them as well as this canine.

Despite the fact that its exact origins are gone in the pages of history, it is assumed to be related to the Pyrenean Mountain Dog due to its similar look and working duties. The Maremma Sheepdog is a relatively rare breed, and youโ€™re unlikely to see one outside of a farm.

How Long Do Maremma Sheepdogs Live?

Image from Instagram:@ursotheshepherd

Maremma Sheepdogs are a breed of dog that is known for living long and prosperous lives of between 11 to 13 years. They are often prone to only a few health issues, none of which is particularly frequent.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a hereditary defect of joint development that is almost prevalent in large breeds. Affected canines may experience stiffness or lameness as puppies and will be susceptible to osteoarthritis later in life.

Hip dysplasia is the most common health concern among Maremma puppies, but it is rarely an issue in puppies born to parents with good hip joints. The breeder should be able to provide veterinary records of hip scores for both parents upon request.


Achondroplasia is a type of dwarfism caused by a cartilage growth defect. Affected Maremma Dogs will grow an oddly shaped skull with short limbs, which is considered a natural trait of some breeds.

Ivermectin Toxicity

Ivermectin is widely used in livestock as an anti-parasitic medication. The Maremma Dog, like many other pastoral breeds, may also have a weak layer between its bloodstream and brain, letting potentially hazardous substances reach the neurological system.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Progressive Retinal Atrophy is an eye illness that results in the loss of photoreceptors cells at the back of the eye, eventually leading to blindness. There are two types of PRA: an early-onset variant inherited through retinal dysplasia as well as a late-onset variant.

How To Take Care Of Your Abruzzenhund?

There are several aspects to consider when it comes to taking care of your Abruzzenhund. The most important ones are an exercise routine, a high-quality diet, as well as dental healthcare.

Exercise Routine And Activity Levels

The Maremma requires plenty of exercises, which comes as no surprise. They have plenty of energy and are ideal running and hiking partners. They also enjoy swimming, so having a pool or even a lake nearby is excellent.

This pooch should get roughly 60 minutes of exercise every day, and since they are used to going outside all of the time, this should be broken up into several shorter walks instead of one long one.

High-Quality Diet

Abruzzenhund should consume approximately 1,500 calories per day, which is roughly 4 to 5 cups of dry kibble. This should be divided into two daily meals, one in the morning and the other in the evening.

Vitamins and antioxidants such as vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, niacin, taurine, and biotin should also be included in a Maremma Sheepdogโ€™s diet. In addition to having big appetites, huge dog breeds require a different nutritional balance, including essential vitamins and minerals.

Pet Plate has recipes created with human-grade ingredients in USDA kitchens that are filled with the essential nutrients fit for your Maremma Dog.

Use Dental Water Additives

The effective approach to maintain the health of your Maremma Sheepdogโ€™s gums and teeth is to set up an oral health habit. Brushing on a regular basis, getting yearly dental cleanings, and even supplementing with products like dental water additives are all part of it.

Are Maremma Dogs Good Family Dogs? Temperaments Of Maremma Sheepdogs

The Maremma Dog is a great family companion. When you and your family decide to raise this furry pet, it is expected that they will be completely dedicated and highly affectionate towards you. However, they are inherently independent and enjoy being left alone.

Are Maremmas Aggressive?

Not much. Maremmas are known for being a more affectionate breed than other livestock guardian dogs and arenโ€™t as aggressive as them. The Maremma Sheepdog is recognized for being such a loving dog, striving to find physical contact with its human friends.

Image from Instagram:@hudsonthemaremma

Do Maremma Dogs Bark A Lot?

Yes. Anything new, strange, as well as anything potentially hazardous or frightening, will elicit a bark from the Maremma Dogs. They will bark before sunset and sunrise, as well as at random intervals during the night.

Is A Maremma A Good Guard Dog?

Yes. These dogs have an innate protective instinct, which they will carry with them even if they live in a family. This dog is a strong and noble breed that has evolved through generations as a result of its tough solitary environment.

Can You Shave A Maremma? Grooming Tips For Maremma Sheepdogs

It is not necessary for your Maremma Sheepdog to be shaved. Many owners want to maintain their dogsโ€™ hair long throughout the year. However, if you prefer a dog with a full coat, you must have the patience to adhere to the extra grooming requirements.

Is A Maremma Sheepdog Hypoallergenic?

No. Sadly, because the Maremma Sheepdog sheds a lot, it is not hypoallergenic, making it unsuitable for people with allergies. So, if you have allergies, this dog isnโ€™t really recommended to stay at your home.


Its white coat requires weekly maintenance to keep it looking clean and beautiful. Since they shed a lot, youโ€™ll need to brush them at least once a week to keep their coat in good shape. If the coat is not cared for, knots and mats are likely to develop.

Luckily, FURminator Undercoat Tool is here to help you in this situation. It eliminates loose hair that goes through the topcoat without harming the skin or destroying the topcoat.


Maremma Sheepdogs donโ€™t also need to be washed, but most owners prefer to do it a couple of times a year. Paws & Pals 6-In-1 Oatmeal Dog Shampoo has a natural form of ingredients that arenโ€™t harmful to your pooch.

How Much Does A Maremma Sheepdog Cost? Maremma Sheepdogs range in price from $600 to $800. Even though these doggies are rare, they are not as pricey as certain dog breeds. If this is out of your budget, you can always look for a pooch in need of a permanent home at your local animal shelter.

Are Maremma Dogs Good With Cats? Maremma Dogs are good with cats and should be compatible with living with cats. They easily get along with other animals because they were raised to coexist with them. In fact, they may frequently be found snuggled up with a cat!

Do Maremmas Like Water? Maremmas love being in the water and will joyfully roll around in a puddle. Maremmas are highly clever canines who require a reason to live in order to avoid becoming bored and destructive.

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Pete Decker