A Merle Pomeranian is a small member of the Spitz family that has inherited the dominant gene of 1 merle parent. What stands out in a Merle Pomeranian is its unique and unusual coat pattern, a result of a genetic mutation.
This means that a Merle is through and through Pomeranian, a resulting breed that happens only from a purely Pomeranian ancestry with one or both parents carrying the merle gene. In other words, a Merle Pomeranian is a purebred dog.
Merle Pomeranians have a unique coat pattern that is characterized by marbling or having dark patches against a lighter primary base color of brown, black, or white. The colors and the sizes of the patches are varied, too.
Some of the unique physical features of Merle Poms are the pink and black speckled paw pads and noses. Most of them have blue eyes. Though, sometimes, it is not uncommon to see a Merle Pomeranian with 1 blue and 1 brown eye.
Given all those variations, you cannot see Merle Pom with identical colors and specks.
How Rare Is A Merle Pomeranian?
You may not see a lot of them around but it doesn’t mean that the Merle Pomeranian is rare. Yes, there may be genetic difficulties but if you look through breeder’s websites, you’d find that most of them sell a Merle Pom.
We cannot say that the merle gene is defective, rather it is heterozygous, meaning, a Merle Pomeranian inherited 2 types of a particular gene from both parents. As opposed to homozygous genotype where the Pomeranian inherits identical forms of a particular gene.
The Merle gene is usually considered to be bad. This is because the breeding practice of two Merles results in ‘lethal whites’, a condition wherein the offspring puppies have no or very little color to their coats, plus they are highly prone to becoming blind, deaf or both.