There is no difference between a German Shepherd and an Alsatian Wolf Dog. The only difference between them is the many names they have gone by throughout their history.
German Shepherds originated in Germany in the early 1900s. After discovering a strong, intelligent, and loyal wolflike dog at a dog show, captain Max von Stephanitz bred that dog into the perfect working dog. As a result, the German government eventually favored the dogs in their military force.
German Shepherds have a close and dense double coat with a thick undercoat. The male dog weighs up between 77 to 95 lbs and can grow to reach between 24 to 26 inches in height. The female can weigh up between 55 to 73 lbs and grow as tall as 22 to 24 inches in height.
German Shepherds have different coat colors, ranging from black, sable, red & black, black & tan, black & silver, and gray. Apart from its typical short-haired appearance, it is very rare but still possible to see a long-haired German Shepherd.
German Shepherds have a long square-cut muzzle, a domed forehead, and a black nose. They also have large ears, bright medium-size eyes, and a long neck. The dog’s bushy tail reaches the hock, and they stand erect.
The average lifespan of a German Shepherd is 11 years. Due to the dog’s large and open ears, they often develop ear infections.
Apart from this, common ailments like hip and elbow dysplasia eventually cause arthritis that plague German Shepherds. However, under proper care and with lots of love, German Shepherds can live between 9 and 13 years.