The Bichon Frise is generally a healthy dog. But like all other dogs, they can be prone to some health problems. Mild health problems that affect the Bichon Frise include hip dysplasia, cataract, liver shunts, ear infections, diabetes, heart disease, and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
More serious conditions affecting the Bichon Frise include Cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism), patellar luxation, and allergies.
Cushing’s disease results from the overproduction of the cortisol hormone and will cause symptoms such as a pot-bellied appearance, hair loss, increased appetite and drinking, and frequent urination. A study in 2016 found that the Bichon Frise was 6·5 times more prone to Cushing’s disease when compared with crossbreds.
Patella luxation is the dislocation of the kneecap. If your Bichon Frise has this condition, it will show abnormal movement with the hind limb, occasional skipping, and eventually become lame gradually or suddenly.
Especially in the hot season, your furry friend might develop allergies because of the moist air. This will cause the dog to chew and scratch. Your Bichon Frise might also show allergies due to ticks, fleas, dust, and pollen.
According to a UK purebred breed health survey, Bichon Frise will usually die from old age. Cancers of unspecified type come second among the leading causes of death in the breed.
To keep the health of your pup in check, it is important to carry out the health tests recommended by the Bichon Frise Club of America including Patella evaluation, Ophthalmologist evaluation, and hip evaluation. Regular vet visits are important for eye, ear, heart, and diabetes exams.